The Fall of President Mohamed Morsi
By Akhtar Malik
5 June 2013
Egyptian Army has toppled the government of President Mohamed Morsi on 3 June 2013. Morsi had become the first elected president of the country after a successful revolution removed Hosni Mubarak from power and hence made an end to a series of dictatorial rule in Egypt.
Mohamed Morsi won 52% of the vote against 48% for Ahmed Shafiq, a former air force commander who was seen as a counter-revolutionary candidate representing the deposed Hosni Mubarak. Morsi enjoyed support of Muslim Brotherhood (MB) who are considered pro-Islam but are not extremists. Morsi has promised good governance, rule of law, equality and justice for all and progression of democratic norms. However Morsi had failed to deliver and fell much short of the expectations of the people.
Some of the criticism against Morsi includes his obvious tilt towards MB while running the country. He appointed seven governors from MB and tried to induct large number of MB persons in state institutions. He tried to influence the media with MB doctrines which many people in Egypt did not like. Morsi should have shown more courage and magnanimity to accommodate diverse views and opinions of different groups and parties.
The worst hit sector was economy which saw a sharper decline during Morsi regime. Morsi could not address the acute problems like power shortages, unemployment and corruption from the country. Though Morsi displayed some appreciable personal examples like austerity and refusal to have any protocol but the Egyptian people wanted more than these cosmetic actions.
Some political analysts have tried to tag reasons of Moris’s downfall with non cooperative attitude of the US and IMF who had refused to release a bailout package to Morsi government. Are we being made to believe that any government must have a begging bowl in its hands and must appease the international donors for its survival? Egypt is a dynamic and progressive society, mostly urban based, with very little inclinations towards extremism. They are tolerant and have the potential of making rapid progress. But the onus to bring such revolutionary changes squarely lies with the leader. There is no doubt that President Morsi failed to mobilize the Egyptian nation to achieve their coveted goals of progress and prosperity.
There was ample time available with Morsi to read the minds of people and get a feel of their thinking. He should have displayed political acumen to ward off any threat to democracy which was looming large in the shape of growing unrest and protests on the streets. Even after the Army gave 48 hours deadline he should have announced a caretaker government and holding of fresh election by himself. No doubt America, Israel and the West would be more than happy to see the downfall of an Islamist leader in an important country like Egypt and they must have exploited the situation to their advantage also, but for this no one else except Mohamed Morsi is to be held responsible.