THE MESSAGE OF KARBALA
By Akhtar Malik:15 Nov 2013
An ongoing struggle between the philosophy of “Husseiniyat” and syndrome of “Yazeediyat”.. till the time when humanity in general will come to the conclusion, that “Husseiniyat” is the only way of life that can provide sustainable global peace and security. The struggle between Hussein (AS) and Yazeed is an international phenomenon. It is not restricted to Muslims only. Sooner or later other nations of the world will also realize that the cause for which they are struggling now ie global peace and social justice, the same cause was fought for by Hussein (AS) 14 centuries ago.
It may not be surprising to see in near future those nations owing Hussein (AS) as their role model. That will be the day when the dawn of peace, tranquility, justice and prosperity will shine on the horizon of this war-torn planet.
THE MESSAGE OF KARBALA
By Akhtar Malik: 9 Nov 2013
The Quranic way of life is a life of action and dynamism. Quran condemns a life of isolation, stagnation and solitude. It is only through dynamism that human society progresses and attains its objective of peace and prosperity in this world and eternal blessings in life hereinafter. During the early period of Islam there was no concept of monasteries. Mysticism is an alien concept and infiltrated in Islam at very late stage. It is binding on Muslims to work hard and excel in every field of knowledge, education, research, science, economics, administration, diplomacy and statecraft. Islam is essentially a ‘Deen’ of ‘Amal’ and lays lot of stress on action. Any society that abstains from action and dynamism will eventually die its own death.
Hazrat Imam Hussein (A.S) had inherited a very exalted spiritual position. He is son of Hazrat Ali (A.S) who is ‘Baab ul Ilm’ (the door of knowledge) and Hazar Fatima (R.A) who is the ‘Syeda’ of all women in the world and in ‘Jannah’, and he is grandson of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) whose personality is second to Allah only in this universe. Had he wanted to, he could have made Madina as his spiritual base and the Muslims from the whole world would have pledged their allegiance to him as a Saint. But Hussein (A.S) was aware of the basic teachings of Islam and knew what Islam wants from its followers. He knew that if the Muslim Society of his time was to be purged from the ills, he must rise and stand up against the forces of exploitation and tyranny. He therefore proceeded to Karbala, with a total disregard to safety, comfort of his person and that of his family.
The ‘Yazeedi’ forces of today have made the life of innocent people miserable. They have usurped all the resources and have deprived the poor people from bread, water, health, education, jobs and safety of their lives. Karbala gives us a clear message that if the poor people want to get their basic rights, they must rise and stand up against these tyrannic forces without any fear, as Hussein (A.S) did 14 centuries back. This is the only way to break this lethal inertia that is taking our society to devastation with every passing day.
THE MESSAGE OF KARBALA
By Akhtar Malik : 7 Nov 2013
The message of Karbala is the message of ultimate sacrifice and universal peace. Durable peace cannot be ensured without sacrifice. The enemies of peace have many weapons to use against humanity. Apart from aggression, tyranny and killings through blatant use of arms and ammunition, they also use the weapons of wealth, greed, hate, lust for power and exploitation. Man by nature is prone to be influenced and affected by such attractions. This weakness of human nature is very skillfully exploited by the enemies of peace to serve their own interests. Those who fall prey to them are used as tools of war, violence and anarchy in the world.
The only formidable obstacle in the way of enemies of peace is the strength of character of men who confront them. When a person is strong in character he can parry all sorts of invitations to lusts. A man of strong character can never bend and bow before the threats and is always ready to sacrifice even the most precious of his assets.
Hazrat Imam Hussein (A.S) displayed the strength of his character in the battlefield of Karbala. Had he desired so, he could have got the best luxuries of life from the rulers and powerful elite of that time. But he stood firmly on the golden principles of Islam and offered the biggest sacrifice ever in the history of mankind.
Karbala gives a clear message to people, to come out of the shackles of lust for power, wealth, properties, business empires, bank balances and nepotism, if they want a durable peace in human society.
By Akhtar Malik
Shah Zeb was killed by son of a feudal lord / politician, Shah Rukh Jatoi in cold blood. The murderer was sentenced to death by an Anti Terrorist Court to death. The parents of the victim have forgiven the murderer reportedly under a deal. This event has jolted the whole nation who feels unsafe. There is fear that now any rich and influential murderer can go free after obtaining pardon from the family of victim, either on gun point or with the force of wealth.
People are slave of this system that has lost the ability to do justice, particularly to the poor and weak segments of society. According to Quran, ‘Diyyat’ is applicable to a murder by mistake. In that case the legal heirs of the killed person can receive blood money from the murderer and excuse him. But if it is a willful murder then it cannot be condoned by paying the money. In that case the principle of ‘Qisas’ will apply which means life for a life. it is high time that our legal experts should ponder over this serious issue. If the willful murders are allowed to be condoned it will open way for the powerful and rich people to kill others and go free, either through paying the money or through pressuring the family of the victim.
As a matter of fact a willful murder should be considered a crime against the state and not against the individual. this is the only way we can check the crimes. When Allah (SWT) commands that murder of one innocent person is equal to the murder of the whole humanity, then how 3,4 persons can condone the murderer of whole humanity after receiving some money? This system is not capable of dispensing justice to the poor and the weak in its present form. It protects the strong and penalizes the weak. It is totally unIslamic in its spirit.
Under Section 7 of Anti-terrorism law, criminals cannot be freed as heirs of the victim cannot forgive the killers and terrorists. The 2006 judgment of the PHC also set a precedent for all such cases. In a recent decision, PLD 2006 Peshawar 82, the PHC had denied benefits to a murderer of four persons despite the fact that the heirs of the deceased had compromised with the accused. The ruling says: “Where case of an offender falls under the expression ‘Fasad-fil-Arz’, he shall not be entitled to any grace and leniency…”
The sorry state of affairs is that a shameless murderer is being set free ‘in the name of Allah’ and ‘according to the principles of Shariah’. Allah has ordered that anyone who kills an innocent person in cold blood, it is the duty of Muslims to enforce ‘Qisas’ ie life for life, and there is life for you in Qisas if you think deeply. Note that taking life of a willful murderer is ‘Farz’ on Muslims, it cannot be left at the discretion of people. The reason is that if Qisas is not enforced then there will be ‘Fasad’ on earth. No authority can dare to contradict with the explicit command of Allah on any pretext. Our Islamic scholars and legal experts should sit together and take a review of this situation, so that peace and justice can prevail on earth.
As per the Islamic and Quranic teachings the ultimate and absolute sovereignty is vested in Allah. His sovereignty was handed down to the Holy Prophet (SAW) in the form of manifested sovereignty (for the purpose of implementing it in social and political life of a society). In today’s world when the Muslim Umma has been divided in geographical boundaries to form various countries, this manifested sovereignty has been transferred to the people of these Muslim countries as a SACRED TRUST. This sovereignty was not transferred directly either to the states or to the governments or even to the parliaments of these countries.The people of Pakistan, where the population is over 1800 million, are now having the ownership of this sovereignty as a sacred trust. Since the population as a whole cannot possibly perform the sovereign (administrative, executive, legislative, judicial etc) functions of the state, they have to elect their representatives who perform these functions on their behalf. The people of Pakistan are thus duty-bound by the command of Allah to return His sovereignty (which was transferred to them as a sacred trust) to their representatives, who will now be the TRUSTEES of that sovereignty.Allah commands people in Quran (Aya 58 of Sura Al-Nisa):
إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَن تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا“ No doubt Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due, and when you rule among the people, rule with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. No doubt Allah hears and sees (everything).”This Aya sets the foundation of a political system to be established in an Islamic state. People are the custodians of the sovereignty given to them as a sacred trust and they are constrained by Allah to return this trust to persons who are capable to hold this trust. Those persons (trustees) will then run the affairs of the state with justice, in accordance with the principles of Quran and Sunnah. In earlier days of Islam (during the tenure of Four Caliphs), people used to transfer this trust to the Caliphs through pledge (بیت). In today’s world of knowledge, enlightenment, awareness and democracy, this exercise can be done through voting, referendum, opinion polls or whatever system is deemed appropriate.
The relevant Articles of the Constitution of Pakistan as read in conjunction with the above mentioned command of Allah makes the social contract between the people of Pakistan and the State of Pakistan very clear. Both have their specific duties to perform and obligations to discharge.
Participating in electoral process (or any such activity that leads to transfer of sovereignty to the state through chosen persons) and casting vote in favor of persons who are ‘Trustworthy’ and ‘Truthful’ is compulsory as per Quran. Those who abstain from this process on any pretext will be willfully withholding الْأَمَانَاتِ against the explicit command of Allah. The people of Pakistan from all strata of society should be educated on these lines. This is the only way to get rid of the exploiters and looters from coming to power.
18 March 2013